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Author Ménoret, Pascal, 1976- author.

Title Graveyard of clerics : everyday activism in Saudi Arabia / Pascal Menoret.

Publication Info. Stanford, California : Stanford University Press, 2020.

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (250 pages).
Physical Medium polychrome
Description text file
Series Stanford Studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic societies and cultures
Stanford studies in Middle Eastern and Islamic societies and cultures.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Graveyard of clerics -- La mubala -- How can the state torture clerics? -- Get in your car and drive -- Aramco's Levittown -- Blessed are the strangers -- Subdivision frenzy -- The genie was out of the bottle -- We could use the pork rind -- Make the way narrower for them -- The Harry Potter dissent -- All streets are joyriding streets -- Muslim Brothers and Salafis -- The best among you -- The Talal Affair -- A state within the state -- The door whence the wind comes -- Fierce and loud -- How were you fucked? -- Those damned liberals -- Undesirable -- People did not fall from the sky -- Brats and braggarts -- Detained.
Summary "Graveyard of Clerics is an ethnographic study of political action in Saudi Arabia. The book studies two phenomena that have rarely been analyzed together in the Middle East: urban sprawl and the politicization of religious activism. Suburbs emerged in Saudi Arabia after WWII, when the US oil company Aramco built racially segregated housing for its American employees and its Saudi, Arab, and Asian workforce. The country became an early non-western testing ground for urban growth techniques that, perfected in the United States before WWII, were widely exported during the Cold War: state guaranteed mortgages, standardized building and subdivision, and extensive freeway systems. Cheap gas, safe loans, and real estate speculation metamorphosed the Saudi landscape from the 1970s onward. Saudis started fleeing the inner cities, choked with car traffic and invaded by foreign migrants, to the peace and isolation of the suburbs. At the same time, autonomous religious movements emerged in the suburbs of Riyadh, Jeddah, Mecca, Medina, and Dammam between the late 1960s and the early 1980s. The Saudi Muslim Brotherhood, created by activists who had fled Egypt, Syria, and Iraq to avoid repression, developed within the cracks of the fledgling educational system. Various Salafi groups soon appeared in reaction to both the Muslim Brotherhood and the increased state control of religion and social life. In the 1970s and 1980s, the relative isolation of the suburbs allowed for the constitution and mobilization of vast activist networks. Religious activists politicized the suburban spaces where consumer debt and welfare benefits, boosted by the oil boom of the 1970s, had fostered political apathy. Islamists found followers through their powerful critique of the religious establishment (the senior Saudi 'ulama') and the country's military and economic alliance with the United States. Scholarship on Saudi religious movements typically focuses on ideology and rarely mentions the impact of US imperial policies on state building and space making. Graveyard of Clerics contests these well-trod narratives, which (1) fail to explain the emergence and resilience of vast political networks in highly repressive environments, (2) overlook the anti-imperialist undertone of religious protests, and (3) focus on elites while being oblivious of the vast majority of everyday activists. Combining interviews, archival research, analysis of secondary sources, and extensive field research, Graveyard of Clerics contends that activists use the spatial resources offered by urban sprawl to organize and protest. Taking Riyadh as a case study, Menoret analyzes what happens to Islamic activists when they hail from a wealthy, religious society. In the suburbs of Riyadh, religious activism is not primarily an expression of socioeconomic frustration. It most often represents conservative, homeowner-based politics in an environment that Islamic activists view as both questionable and promising. The book thus contributes to three bodies of literature: the study of global suburbs, the study of religion in Saudi Arabia, and the study of political activism in suburban spaces"-- Provided by publisher
Local Note eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
Subject Muslimbruderschaft.
Political participation -- Saudi Arabia.
Political participation.
Saudi Arabia.
Political activists -- Saudi Arabia.
Political activists.
Islam and politics -- Saudi Arabia.
Islam and politics.
Suburbs -- Political aspects -- Saudi Arabia.
Suburbs -- Political aspects.
Suburbs.
Saudi Arabia -- Politics and government.
Politics and government.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Other Form: Print version: Ménoret, Pascal, 1976- Graveyard of clerics. Stanford, California : Stanford University Press, 2020 9780804799805 (DLC) 2019040805 (OCoLC)1110440932
ISBN 9781503612471 (electronic book)
1503612473 (electronic book)
9780804799805
0804799806
9781503612464
1503612465