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BookPrinted Material
Corporate Author United States.

Title The Constitution of the United States of America : analysis and interpretation : analysis of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States to June 28, 2012 / prepared by the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress ; Kenneth R. Thomas, editor-in-chief ; Larry M. Eig, managing editor ; Henry Cohen, George Costello, contributing editors.

Publication Info. Washington : U.S. Government Printing Office, 2013.
Washington, DC : For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office

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LocationMoore Online
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Location Call No. Status OPAC Message Public Note Gift Note
 Moore Stacks  KF4527 .U54 2013    Available  ---
Edition Centennial edition.
Description xxvi, 2789 pages ; 29 cm.
Series Document / 112th Congress, 2nd session, Senate ; no. 112-9
Senate document (United States. Congress. Senate) ; no. 112-9.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents Public Law 91-589 -- Introduction to the 2012 edition -- Historical note on formation of the Constitution -- Constitution Of The United States of America: Literal Print -- Amendments Of The Constitution Of The United States Of America -- Proposed Amendments Not Ratified By The States -- Constitution Of The United States of America: With Analysis -- Preamble: -- Purpose and effect of the Preamble -- Article 1: Legislative Department: -- Section 1: Legislative Powers: -- Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances -- Theory Elaborated and implemented -- Judicial Enforcement -- Bicameralism -- Enumerated, Implied, Resulting, and Inherent Powers -- Delegation of Legislative Power: -- History of the Doctrine of Nondelegability -- Nature and Scope of Permissible Delegations -- Delegations to the President in Areas of Shared Authority -- Delegations to States and to Private Entities -- Particular Subjects or Concerns: Closer Scrutiny or Uniform Standard? -- Congressional Investigations -- Source of the Power to Investigate -- Investigations of Conduct of Executive Department -- Investigations of Members of Congress -- Investigations in Aid of Legislation -- Sanctions of the Investigatory Power: Contempt -- Section 2: House Of Representatives: -- Clause 1: Congressional Districting -- Elector Qualifications -- Clause 2: Qualifications of Members of Congress -- When the Qualifications must be Possessed -- Exclusivity of Constitutional Qualifications -- Clause 3: Apportionment of Seats in the House -- Census Requirement -- Clause 4: Vacancies -- In General -- Clause 5: Officers and Power of Impeachment -- Section 3: Senate: -- Clauses 1 and 2: Composition and Election -- In General -- Clauses 3-5: Qualifications, Vice President, Officers -- In General -- Clauses 6- 7: Trial and Judgments on impeachment -- In General -- Sections 4: Elections: -- Clause 1: Congressional Power to Regulate -- Legislation protecting Electoral Process -- Clause 2: Time of Assembling -- In General -- Section 5: Powers And Duties Of The Houses: -- Clauses 1-4: Judging Elections, Quorum, Rules, Discipline, Journal, Adjournment -- Powers and Duties of the Houses -- Section 6: Rights And Disabilities Of Members: -- Clause 1: Compensation and Immunities of Members -- Congressional Pay -- Privilege From Arrest -- Privilege of Speech or Debate -- Clause 2: Disabilities of Members -- Appointment to Executive Office -- Incompatible Offices -- Section 7: Legislative Process: -- Clause 1-3: Legislative Process -- Revenue Bills -- Approval by the President -- Veto Power -- Presentation of Resolutions -- Section 8: Powers Of Congress: -- Clause 1: Power to Tax And Spend -- Kinds of Taxes Permitted -- Purposes of Taxation -- Spending For the General Welfare -- Social Security Act Cases -- Conditional Grants-in-Aid -- Earmarked Funds -- Debts of the United States -- Clause 2: Borrowing Power -- Clause 3: Power to Regulate Commerce -- Purposes Served by the Grant -- Definition of Terms -- Illegal Commerce -- Interstate Versus Foreign Commerce -- Instruments of Commerce -- Congressional Regulation of Waterways -- Congressional Regulation of Land Transportation -- Congressional Regulation of Commerce as Traffic -- Congressional Regulation of Production and Industrial Relations: Antidepression Legislation -- Acts of Congress Prohibiting Commerce -- Commerce Clause as a Source of National Police Power -- Commerce Clause As a Restraint On State Powers -- State Taxation and Regulation: The Old Law -- State Taxation and Regulation: The Modern Law -- Foreign Commerce and State Powers -- Concurrent Federal and State Jurisdiction -- Commerce With Indian Tribes -- Clause 4: Naturalization and Bankruptcies -- Naturalization and Citizenship -- Aliens -- Bankruptcy -- Clauses 5 and 6 Money -- Fiscal and Monetary Powers of Congress -- Clause 7: Post Office -- Postal Power -- Clause 8: Copyrights and Patents -- Origins and Scope of the Power -- Patentable Discoveries -- Procedure in Issuing Patents -- Nature and Scope of the Right Secured for Copyright -- Power of Congress Over Patents and Copyrights -- Copyright and the First Amendment -- State Power Affecting Patents and Copyrights -- Trade-Marks and Advertisements -- Clause 9: Creation of Courts -- In General -- Clause 10: Maritime Crimes -- Piracies, Felonies, and Offenses Against the Law of Nations -- Clauses 11-14: War Power -- Source and Scope -- Declaration of War -- Power to Raise and Maintain Armed Forces -- War Legislation -- Constitutional Rights In Wartime -- Clauses 15 and 16: Militia -- Militia Clauses -- Clause 17: District of Columbia; Federal Property -- Seat of the Government -- Authority Over Places Purchased -- Duration of Federal Jurisdiction -- Reservation of Jurisdiction by States -- Clause 18: Necessary and Proper Clause -- Scope and Operation -- Definition of Punishment and Crimes -- Chartering of Banks -- Currency Regulations -- Power to Charter Corporations -- Courts and Judicial Proceedings -- Special Acts Concerning Claims -- Maritime Law -- Section 9: Powers Denied To Congress: -- Clause 1: Importation of Slaves -- In General -- Clause 2: Habeas Corpus Suspension-- In General -- Clause 3: Bills of Attainder and Ex Post Facto Laws -- Bills of Attainder -- Ex Post Facto Laws -- Clause 4: Taxes -- Direct Taxes -- Clause 5: Duties on exports from States -- Taxes On Exports -- Clause 6: Preference to Ports -- No Preference Clause -- Clause 7: Appropriations and Accounting of Public Money -- Appropriations -- Payment of Claims -- Clause 8: Titles of Nobility; Presents -- In General -- Section 10: Powers Denied To The States: -- Clause 1: Treaties, Coining Money, Impairing Contracts, Etc -- Clause 2: Duties on Exports and Imports -- Duties On Exports or Imports -- Clause 3: Tonnage Duties, Keeping Troops, Making Compacts, War -- Tonnage Duties -- Keeping Troops -- Interstate Compacts -- Background of Clause -- Subject Matter of Interstate Compacts -- Consent of Congress -- Grants of Franchise to Corporations by Two States -- Legal Effect of Interstate Compacts -- Article 2: Executive Department: -- Section 1: President: -- Clause 1: Powers and Term of the President -- Nature and Scope of Presidential Power -- Tenure -- Clauses 2-4: Election -- Electoral College -- Clause 5: Qualifications -- Clause 6: Presidential Succession -- Clause 7: Compensation and Emoluments -- Clause 8: Oath of Office -- Section 2: Powers And Duties Of The President: -- Clause 1: Commander-in-Chiefship; Presidential Advisers; Pardons -- Commander-In-Chief -- Martial Law and Constitutional Limitations -- Presidential Advisers -- Pardons and Reprieves -- Clause 2: Treaties and Appointment of Officers -- Treaty-Making Power -- Treaties as Law of the Land -- Constitutional Limitations of the treaty Power -- Interpretation and Termination of Treaties as International compacts -- Indian Treaties -- International Agreements Without Senate Approval -- Executive Establishment -- Appointments and Congressional Regulation of Offices -- Stages of Appointment Process -- Removal Power -- Presidential Aegis: Demands for Papers -- Clause 3: Vacancies during Recess of Senate -- Recess Appointments -- Section 3: Legislative, Diplomatic, and Law Enforcement Duties Of The President -- Legislative Role of the President -- Conduct of Foreign Relations -- President As Law Enforcer -- Protection of American Rights of Person and Property Abroad -- President Action In the Domain of Congress: the Steel Seizure Case -- Presidential Immunity From Judicial Direction -- Commissioning Officers -- Section 4: Impeachment: -- Impeachment --
Article 3: Judicial Department: -- Section 1: Judicial Power, Courts, Judges: -- Organization of Courts, Tenure, and Compensation of Judges -- One Supreme Court -- Inferior Courts -- Compensation -- Courts of Specialized Jurisdiction -- Legislative Courts -- Noncourt Entities in the Judicial Branch -- Judicial Power -- Characteristics and Attributes of Judicial Power -- Finality of Judgment as an Attribute of Judicial Power -- Judicial Immunity from Suit -- Ancillary Powers of Federal Courts -- Contempt Power -- Sanctions Other Than Contempt -- Power to Issue Writs: The Act of 1789 -- Congressional Limitation of the Injunctive Power -- Rule-Making Power and Powers Over Process -- Appointment of Referees, Masters, and Special Aids -- Power to Admit and Disbar Attorneys -- Sections 2: Judicial Power And Jurisdiction: -- Clause 1: Cases and Controversies; Grants of Jurisdiction -- Judicial Power and Jurisdiction-Cases and Controversies -- Judicial Review -- Jurisdiction of Supreme Court and Inferior Federal Courts -- Suits Affecting Ambassadors, Other Public Ministers, and Consuls -- Cases of Admiralty and Maritime Jurisdiction -- Cases to Which the United States Is A Party -- Suits Between Two or More States -- Controversies Between a State and Citizens of Another State -- Controversies Between Citizens of Different States -- Controversies Between Citizens of the Same State Claiming Land Under Grants of Different States -- Controversies Between a State, or the Citizens Thereof, and Foreign States, Citizens, or Subjects -- Clause 2: Original And Appellate Jurisdiction -- Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court -- Power of Congress to Control the Federal Courts -- Theory Reconsidered -- Federal-State Court Relations -- Clause 3: Trial by Jury -- In General -- Section 3: Treason: -- Clause 1: Definition and Limitations -- Treason -- Clause 2: Punishment -- Corruption of the Blood and Forfeiture -- Article 4: States' Relations: -- Section 1: Full Faith And Credit: -- Sources and effect of Full Faith and Credit -- Private International Law -- Judgments: effect to be given in Forum State -- In General -- Jurisdiction: A Prerequisite to Enforcement of Judgments -- Divorce Decrees: Domicile as the Jurisdictional Prerequisite -- Other Types of Decrees -- Penal Judgments: Types Entitled to Recognition -- Fraud as a Defense to suits on Foreign Judgments -- Recognition of Rights Based Upon Constitutions, Statutes, Common Law -- Development of the Modern Rule -- Full Faith and Credit: Miscellany -- Scope of Powers of Congress Under Provision -- Judgments of Foreign States -- Section 2: Interstate Comity: -- Clause 1: State Citizenship: Privileges and Immunities -- Origin and Purpose -- How Implemented -- Citizens of Each State -- All Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the Several States -- Discrimination in Private Rights -- Access to Courts -- Taxation -- Clause 2: Interstate Rendition -- Duty to Surrender Fugitives From Justice -- Fugitive From Justice Defined -- Procedure for Removal -- Trial of Fugitives After Removal -- Clause 3: Fugitives from Labor -- Section 3: Admission Of New States ; Property Of United States: -- Clause 1: Admission of New Stats to Union -- Doctrine of the Equality of States -- Clause 2: Property of the United States -- Property and Territory: Powers of Congress -- Section 4: Obligations Of United States To States: -- Guarantee of Republican Form of Government -- Article 5: Mode Of Amendment: -- Amendment of the Constitution -- Scope of the Amending Power -- Proposing a Constitutional Amendment -- Proposals by Congress -- Convention Alternative -- Ratification -- Authentication and Proclamation -- Judicial Review Under Article 5 -- Article 6: Prior Debts, National Supremacy, Oaths Of Office: -- Clause 1: Validity of Prior Debts and engagements -- Prior Debts -- Clause 2: Supremacy of the Constitution, Laws and Treaties -- National Supremacy -- Marshall's Interpretation of the National Supremacy Clause -- Task of the Supreme Court Under the Clause: Preemption -- Operation of the Supremacy Clause -- Obligation of State Courts Under the Supremacy Clause -- Supremacy Clause Versus the Tenth Amendment -- Federal Instrumentalities and Personnel and State Police Power -- Doctrine of Federal Exemption From State Taxation -- Summation and Evaluation -- Clause 3: Oath of Office -- Oath of Office -- Power of Congress in Respect to Oaths -- National Duties of State Officers -- Article 7: Ratification -- Amendments To The Constitution -- First through Tenth Amendments: -- Bill Of Rights: -- History -- Formulation and Adoption -- Bill of Rights and the States -- Fourteenth Amendment -- First Amendment: Religion And Expression: -- Religion -- Overview -- First Amendment: Religion And Expression: -- Religion: -- Overview: -- Scholarly commentary -- Court tests applied to Legislation Affecting Religion -- Government Neutrality in Religious Disputes -- Establishment of Religion: -- Financial Assistance to Church-Related Institutions -- Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Released Time -- Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Prayers and Bible Reading -- Governmental Encouragement of Religion in Public Schools: Curriculum Restriction -- Access of Religious Groups to School Property -- Tax Exemptions of Religious Property -- Exemption of Religious Organizations from Generally Applicable Laws -- Sunday Closing Laws -- Conscientious Objection -- Regulation of Religious Solicitation -- Religion in Governmental Observances -- Religious Displays on Government Property -- Miscellaneous -- Free Exercise of Religion: -- Belief-Conduct Distraction -- Mormon Cases -- Jehovah's Witnesses Cases -- Free Exercise Exemption from General Governmental Requirements -- Religious Test Oaths -- Religious Disqualification -- Freedom of Expression-Speech and Press: -- Adoption and Common Law Background -- Freedom of Expression: The Philosophical Basis -- Freedom of Expression: Is There a Difference Between Speech and Press? -- Doctrine of Prior Restraint: -- Injunctions and the Press in Fair Trial Cases -- Obscenity and Prior Restraint -- Subsequent Punishment: Clear and Present Danger and Other Tests: -- Clear and Present Danger -- Adoption of Clear and Present Danger -- Contempt of Court and Clear and Present Danger -- Clear and Present Danger Revised: Dennis -- Balancing -- Absolutist View of the First Amendment, With a Note on "Preferred Position" -- Modern Tests and Standards: Vagueness, Overbreadth, Strict Scrutiny, Intermediate Scrutiny, and Effectiveness of Speech Restrictions -- Is There a Present Test? -- Freedom of Belief: -- Flag Salute and Other Compelled Speech -- Imposition of Consequences for Holding Certain Beliefs -- Right of Association: -- Political Association -- Conflict Between Organization and Members -- Maintenance of National Security and the First Amendment: -- Punishment of Advocacy -- Compelled Registration of Communist Party -- Punishment for Membership in an organization That Engages in Proscribed Advocacy -- Disabilities Attaching to Membership in Proscribed Organizations -- Employment Restriction and Loyalty Oaths -- Legislative Investigations and the First Amendment -- Interference With War Effort -- Suppression of Communist Propaganda in the Mails -- Exclusion of Certain Aliens as a First Amendment Problem -- Material Support of Terrorist Organizations -- Particular Government Regulations that Restrict Expression -- Government as Employer: Political and Other Outside Activities -- Government as Employer: Free Expression Generally -- Government as Educator -- Government as Regulator of the Electoral Process: Elections and Referendums -- Government as Regulator of the Electoral Process: Lobbying -- Government as Regulator of Labor Relations -- Government as Investigator: Reporter's Privilege -- Government and the Conduct of Trials -- Government as Administrator of Prisons -- Government and Power of the Purse -- Governmental Regulation of Communications Industries -- Commercial Speech -- Taxation -- Labor Relations -- Antitrust Laws -- Broadcast Radio and Television -- Governmentally Compelled Right of Reply to Newspapers -- Cable Television -- Government Restraint of Content of Expression -- Seditious Speech and Seditious Libel -- Fighting Words and Other Threats to the Peace -- Threats of Violence Against Individuals -- Group Libel, Hate Speech -- Defamation -- False Statements -- Invasion of Privacy -- Emotional Distress Tort Actions -- Right of Publicity Tort Actions -- Publication of Legally Confidential Information -- Obscenity -- Child Pornography -- Non-obscene But Sexually Explicit and Indecent Expression -- Speech Plus: Constitutional Law of Leafleting, Picketing, and Demonstrating -- Public Forum -- Quasi-Public Places -- Picketing and Boycotts by Labor Unions -- Public Issue Picketing and Parading -- Leafleting, Handbilling, and the Like -- Sound Trucks, Noise -- Door-to-Door Solicitation and Charitable Solicitation -- Problem of Symbolic Speech -- Rights of Assembly and Petition -- Background and Development -- Cruikshank Case -- Hague Case --
Second Amendment: Bearing Arms: -- In General -- Third Amendment: Quartering Soldiers -- In General -- Fourth Amendment: Search And Seizure: -- Search and Seizure -- History and Scope of the Amendment -- History -- Scope of the Amendment -- Interest Protected -- Arrests and Other Detentions -- Searches and Inspections in Noncriminal Cases -- Searches and Seizure pursuant to warrant -- Issuance by Neutral Magistrate -- Probable Cause -- Particularity -- First Amendment Bearing on Probable Cause and Particularity -- Property Subject to Seizure -- Execution of Warrants -- Valid Searches And Seizures Without Warrants -- Detention Short of Arrest: Stop and Frisk -- Search Incident to Arrest -- Vehicular Searches -- Vessel Searches -- Consent Searches -- Border Searches -- Open Fields -- Plain View -- Public Schools -- Government Workplace -- Prisons and Regulation of Probation and Parole -- Drug Testing -- Electronic Surveillance and the Fourth Amendment -- Olmstead Case -- Federal Communications Act -- Nontelephonic Electronic Surveillance -- Berger and Katz Cases -- Warrantless "National Security" Electronic Surveillance -- Enforcing the fourth Amendment: The Exclusionary Rule -- Alternatives to the Exclusionary Rule -- Development of the Exclusionary Rule -- Foundations of the Exclusionary Rule -- Narrowing Application of the Exclusionary Rule -- Operation of the Rule: Standing -- Fifth Amendment: Rights Of Persons: -- Indictment by Grand Jury -- Double Jeopardy -- Development and Scope -- Reprosecution Following Mistrial -- Reprosecution Following Acquittal -- Acquittal by Jury -- Acquittal by the Trial Judge -- Trial Court Rulings Terminating Trial Before Verdict -- Reprosecution Following Conviction -- Reprosecution After Reversal on Defendant's Appeal -- Sentence Increases -- For the Same Offence -- Legislative Discretion as to Multiple Sentences -- Successive Prosecutions for the same Offense -- Same Transaction Problem -- Self-Incrimination -- Development and Scope -- Power to Compel Testimony and Disclosure -- Immunity -- Required Records Doctrine -- Reporting and Disclosure -- Confessions: Police Interrogation, Due Process, and Self-Incrimination -- Common Law Rule -- McNabb-Mallory Doctrine -- State Confession Cases Before Miranda -- From the Voluntariness Standard to Miranda -- Miranda v Arizona -- Operation of the Exclusionary Rule -- Supreme Court Review -- Procedure in the Trial Courts -- Due Process -- History and Scope -- Scope of the Guaranty -- Procedural Due Process -- Generally -- Administrative Proceedings: A Fair Hearing -- Aliens: Entry and Deportation -- Judicial Review of Administrative or Military Proceedings -- Substantive Due Process -- Discrimination -- Congressional Police Measures -- Congressional Regulation of Public Utilities -- Congressional Regulations of Railroads -- Taxation -- Retroactive Taxes -- Deprivation of property: Retroactive Legislation -- Bankruptcy Legislation -- Right to Sue the Government -- Congressional Power to Abolish Common Law Judicial Actions -- Deprivation of Liberty: Economic Legislation -- National Eminent Domain Power -- Overview -- Public Use -- Just Compensation -- Interest -- Rights for Which Compensation Must Be Made -- Consequential Damages -- Enforcement of Right to Compensation -- When Property Is Taken -- Government Activity Not Directed at the Property -- Navigable Waters -- Regulatory Takings -- Sixth Amendment: Rights Of Accused In Criminal Prosecutions: -- Criminal Prosecutions: -- Coverage -- Right to a Speedy and Public Trial -- Speedy Trial -- Source and Rationale -- Application and Scope -- When the right is Denied -- Public Trial -- Right to Trial by Impartial Jury -- Jury Trial -- Attributes and Function of the Jury -- When the Jury trial Guarantee Applies -- Impartial Jury -- Place of Trial: Jury of the Vicinage -- Notice of Accusation -- Confrontation -- Compulsory Process -- Assistance of Counsel -- Absolute Right to Counsel at Trial -- Historical Practice -- Development of Right -- Limits on the Right to Retained Counsel -- Effective Assistance of Counsel -- Self-Representation -- Right to Assistance of Counsel in Nontrial Situations -- Judicial Proceedings Before Trial -- Custodial Interrogation -- Lineups and Other Identification Situations -- Post-Conviction Proceedings -- Noncriminal and Investigatory Proceedings -- Seventh Amendment: Civil Trials -- Trial by Jury in Civil Cases -- Right and the Characteristics of the Civil Jury -- History -- Composition and Functions of Civil Jury -- Courts in Which the Guarantee Applies -- Waiver of the Right -- Application of the Amendment -- Cases "at Common Law" -- Continuing Law-Equity distinction -- Procedures Limiting Jury's Role -- Directed Verdicts -- Jury Trial Under the Federal Employer's Liability Act -- Appeals from State Courts to the Supreme Court -- Eighth Amendment: Further Guarantees In Criminal Cases: -- Excessive Bail -- Excessive Fines -- Cruel and unusual Punishments -- Style of Interpretation -- Application and Scope -- Capital Punishment -- General Validity and Guiding Principles -- Implementation of Procedural Requirements -- Limitations on Capital Punishment: Proportionality -- Limitations on capital Punishment: Diminished Capacity -- Limitations on Capital Punishment: Equality of Application -- Limitations on Habeas Corpus Review of Capital Sentences -- Proportionality -- Prisons and Punishment -- Limitation of the Clause to Criminal Punishments -- Ninth Amendment: Unenumerated Rights: -- Tenth Amendment: Reserved Powers: -- Reserved Powers: -- Scope and Purpose -- Effect of Provision on Federal Powers -- Federal Taxing Power -- Federal Police Power -- Federal Regulations Affecting State Activities and Instrumentalities -- Eleventh Amendment: Suits Against States: -- State Immunity: -- Purpose and Early Interpretation -- Expansion of the Immunity of the States -- Nature of the States' Immunity -- Suits Against States -- Consent to Suit and Waiver -- Congressional Withdrawal of Immunity -- Suits Against State Officials -- Tort Actions Against State Officials -- Twelfth Amendment: Election Of President: --
Thirteenth Amendment: Slavery And Involuntary Servitude: -- Sections 1 and 2 -- Abolition of Slavery -- Origin and Purpose -- Peonage -- Situations in Which the Amendment Is Inapplicable -- Fourteenth Amendment: Rights Guaranteed: Privileges And Immunities Of Citizenship, Due Process, And Equal Protection: -- Section 1: Rights Guaranteed -- Fourteenth Amendment and States' Rights -- Citizens of the United States -- Privileges or Immunities -- Due Process of Law -- Generally -- Definitions -- Rise and Fall of Economic Substantive Due Process: Overview -- Regulation of Labor Conditions -- Regulation of Business Enterprises: Price Controls -- Regulation of Public Utilities and Common Carriers -- Regulation of Businesses, Corporations, Professions, and Trades -- Protection of State Resources -- Ownership of Real Property: Rights and Limitations -- Health, Safety, and Morals -- Vested and Remedial Rights -- State Control over Local Units of Government -- Taxing Power -- Jurisdiction to Tax -- Procedure in Taxation -- Eminent Domain -- Fundamental Rights (Noneconomic Substantive Due Process) -- Procedural Due Process: Civil -- Procedure Which Is Due Process -- Jurisdiction -- Power of the States to Regulate Procedure -- Procedural Due Process: Criminal -- Equal Protection of the Laws -- Traditional Equal Protection: Economic Regulation and Related exercises of the Police Powers --Taxation -- Police Power Regulation -- Other Business and Employment Relations -- Equal Protection and Race -- Overview -- Education -- Juries -- Capital Punishment -- Housing -- Other Areas of Discrimination -- Affirmative Action: Remedial Use of Racial Classifications -- New Equal Protection -- Classifications Meriting Close Scrutiny -- Illegitimacy -- Fundamental Interests: The Political Process -- Right to Travel -- Marriage and Familial Relations -- Sexual Orientation -- Poverty and Fundamental Interests: The Intersection of Due Process and Equal Protection -- Section 2: Apportionment of Representation -- Apportionment of Representation -- Sections 3 and 4: Disqualification and Public Debt -- Section 5: Enforcement --Enforcement -- Generally -- State Action -- Congressional Definition of Fourteenth Amendment Rights -- Fifteenth Amendment: Rights Of Citizens To Vote: -- Sections 1 and 2 -- Abolition of Suffrage Qualifications on Basis of Race -- Adoption and judicial enforcement -- Adoption -- Judicial View of the Amendment -- Grandfather Clauses -- White Primary -- Literacy tests -- Racial Gerrymandering -- Congressional Enforcement -- State Action -- Federal Remedial Legislation -- Sixteenth Amendment: Income Tax: -- Income Tax -- History and Purpose of the Amendment -- Income Subject to Taxation -- Income Tax -- History and Purpose of the Amendment -- Income Subject to Taxation -- Corporate Dividends: When Taxable -- Corporate Earnings: When Taxable -- Gains: When Taxable -- Income from Illicit Transactions -- Deductions and exemptions -- Diminution of Loss -- Seventeenth Amendment: Popular Election Of Senators: -- Eighteenth Amendment: Prohibition Of Intoxicating Liquors -- Nineteenth Amendment: Women's Suffrage Rights -- Twentieth Amendment: Terms Of President, Vice President, Members Of Congress: Presidential Vacancy -- Twenty-First Amendment: Repeal Of Eighteenth Amendment: -- Sections 1-3 -- Repeal of Eighteenth Amendment -- Effect of Repeal -- Scope of Regulatory Power conferred upon the States -- Discrimination between Domestic and Imported Products -- Regulation of Transportation and "Through" Shipments -- Regulation of Imports Destined for a Federal Area -- Foreign Imports, Exports; Taxation, Regulation -- Effect of Section 2 upon Other Constitutional Provisions -- Effect on Federal Regulation -- Twenty-Second Amendment: Presidential Tenure -- Twenty-Third Amendment: Presidential Electors For The District Of Columbia -- Twenty-Fourth Amendment: Abolition Of The Poll Tax Qualification In Federal Elections -- Twenty-Fifth Amendment: Presidential Vacancy, Disability, And Inability -- Twenty-Sixth Amendment: Reduction Of Voting Age Qualification -- Twenty-Seventh Amendment: Congressional Pay Limitation -- Acts Of Congress Held Unconstitutional In Whole Or In Part By The Supreme Court Of The United States -- State Constitutional And Statutory Provisions And Municipal Ordinances Held Unconstitutional Or Held To Be Prempted By Federal Law -- Supreme Court Decisions Overruled By Subsequent Decision -- Table Of Cases -- Index.
Summary Centennial edition. Popularly known as the Constitution Annotated or "CONAN", encompasses the U.S. Constitution and analysis and interpretation of the U.S. Constitution with in-text annotations of cases decided by the Supreme Court of the United States. The analysis is provided by the Congressional Research Service (CRS) in the Library of Congress. This is the 100th anniversary edition of a publication first released in 1913 at the direction of the U.S. Senate. Since then, it has been published as a bound edition every 10 years, with updates issued every two years that address new constitutional law cases.
Form Also available on the Internet.
Subject Constitutions -- United States.
Constitutional law -- United States.
Added Author Thomas, Kenneth R., editor.
Eig, Larry M., editor.
United States. Supreme Court.
Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Added Title Constitution
ISBN 9780160917356
Gpo Item No. 1004-E-01
Sudoc No. Y 1.1/3:112-9