Includes bibliographical references (p. 319-342) and index.
Political science and Roman history -- Realist paradigms of interstate behavior -- The anarchic structure of interstate relations in classical Greece -- The anarchic structure of interstate relations in the Hellenistic Age -- Terrores multi : the rivals of Rome for power in the western Mediterranean -- Rome and Roman militarism within the anarchic interstate system -- Roman exceptionalism and nonexceptionalism.
Employs modern international relations theory to place Roman militarism and expansion of power within the broader Mediterranean context of interstate anarchy. This study challenges claims that Rome was an exceptionally warlike and aggressive state, by arguing that intense militarism and aggressiveness were common among all Mediterranean polities.
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