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Title Trading in genes : development perspectives on biotechnology, trade, and sustainability / edited by Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz and Vicente Sánchez.

Imprint London ; Sterling, VA : Earthscan, 2005.

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (xxv, 294 pages)
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 275-284) and index.
Contents Cover -- Contents -- List of Boxes, Figures and Tables -- List of Acronyms and Abbreviations -- List of Contributors -- Preface -- Part One Weighing Biotechnology on the Scales of Sustainable Development -- Chapter 1 Developing Countries in the Global Bioeconomy -- The global bioeconomy -- Trends in industrial biotechnology -- Market opportunities for developing countries in industrial biotechnology -- Developing country experiences in the new bioeconomy -- International policy options -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 2 From Biotech Innovation to the Market: Economic Factors Driving the South's Competitiveness in Biotechnology -- The many economic conditions needed for a biotech sector to take off -- Biopharmaceuticals -- High research costs and market risk raise scepticism on the future of GM crops -- Diversity prevails over developing country positions on risks and opportunities of GM crops -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 3 Biotechnology: A Turning Point in Development or an Opportunity that Will Be Missed? -- Will the South take the biotech leap? -- The promises of safe biotechnology -- Risks of biotechnology -- The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety -- The Protocol's loopholes -- Patents and biopiracy obstruct the South's potential biotech benefits -- The dumping charity -- GM food aid -- The road ahead -- References -- Chapter 4 Trade in Biotechnology: Development and the Clash of Collective Preferences -- Assessing collective preference on biotechnology -- Collective preferences and WTO rules -- Addressing collective preferences in trade policy -- Assessing collective preferences -- Towards 'universal preferences'? -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 5 Benefiting from Agricultural Biotechnology: Challenges for Developing Countries -- The state of play of GM crops in the developing world -- Mobilizing resources to meet developing countries' real priorities -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 6 Approaching Biotechnology: Experiences from Brazil and Argentina -- Brazil -- Argentina -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 7 Addressing Challenges of Tropical Agriculture Through Biotechnology: Colombia's Cassava Case -- International trade in cassava -- Science, scientists and the risks of GM crops -- Developing stemborer resistant cassava -- Why genetic transformation for cassava? -- Potential benefits and concerns -- Colombia: Biosafety issues in cassava trade -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Part Two Trade in Biotechnology: New Challenges in an Old Playground -- Chapter 8 Intellectual Property and Biotechnology: Trade Interests of Developing Countries -- Introduction -- TRIPS and biotechnology -- Intellectual property rights and biodiversity conservation -- Review of TRIPS Article 27.3(b) -- The way forward for developing countries -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 9 Closing in on Biopiracy: Legal Dilemmas and Opportunities for the South -- Mines of green gold -- Patenting biotechnology: The story so far -- TRIPS: Free-riding on the South's genetic resources and TK -- Other possibil.
Summary Sustaining the new bioeconomy requires a global biotechnology governance regime to bring a large number of developing countries into the global trading system. Failure to do so will create a "genetic divide" among countries and is likely to intensify public opposition to biotechnology. This interdisciplinary collection of perspectives from the developing world - on debates over the relationships between biotechnology, biosafety, sustainable development and trade - seeks to bridge the gap between the different areas of regulatory activities and academic research and between the various stakeholders in the debate. Leading experts, writing for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, examine: the risks and opportunities of biotechnology; biosafety; intellectual property rights and related issues of access to genetic resources; benefit-sharing and traditional knowledge; biotechnological development; capacity building; the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety; relevant WTO provisions; and developing countries' options in the WTO context.
Local Note eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
Subject Biotechnology -- Developing countries.
Biotechnology industries -- Developing countries.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Added Author Meléndez-Ortiz, Ricardo.
Sánchez, Vicente.
Other Form: Print version: Trading in genes. London ; Sterling, VA : Earthscan, 2005 (DLC) 2005027698
ISBN 9781844070275 (hardback)
1844070271 (hardback)
9781844070282 (pbk.)
184407028X (pbk.)
9781136551055 (electronic bk.)
1136551050 (electronic bk.)
9781849773430 (electronic bk.)
1849773432 (electronic bk.)
1844070271 (hardback)
184407028X (pbk.)