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Title Forests and food : addressing hunger and nutrition across sustainable landscapes / edited by Bhaskar Vira, Christoph Wildburger and Stephanie Mansourian.

Publication Info. Cambridge, United Kingdom : Open Book Publishers, [2015]

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (viii, 275 pages) : color illustrations, color maps
text file
Series What works in conservation series, 2059-4240
What works in conservation series., 2059-4240
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references at the end of each chapters.
Contents Introduction: forests, trees and landscapes for food security and nutrition -- Understanding the foles of forests and tree-based systems in food provision -- The historical, environmental and socio-economic context of forests and tree-based systems for food security and nutrition -- Drivers of forests and tree-based systems for food security and nutrition -- Response options across the landscape -- Public sector, private sector and socio-cultural response options -- Conclusions.
Preface: Connecting the Dots by Alexander Buck Acknowledgements Acronyms, Units and Symbols 1 Introduction: Forests, Trees and Landscapes for Food Security and Nutrition Coordinating lead author: Bhaskar Vira Lead authors: Bina Agarwal, Ramni Jamnadass, Daniela Kleinschmit, Stepha McMullin, Stephanie Mansourian, Henry Neufeldt, John A. Parrotta, Terry Sunderland and Christoph Wildburger 1.1 Problem Statement: Can Forests and Tree-based Systems Contribute to Food Security and Nutrition? 1.2 Prevailing Paradigms about Forests, Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition 1.3 Policy Context and Scope 1.4 Structure of the Narrative 1.5 Forests and Tree-based Landscapes for Food Security and Nutrition: A Brief Preview 1.5.1 Direct and Indirect Contributions of Forests and Tree-based Systems to Food Security and Nutrition 1.5.2 Drivers Affecting the Relationship between Forest-tree Landscapes and Food 1.5.3 Trade-offs, Conflicts and Synergies in Land Use, and Responses 1.6 Evidence and Knowledge Gaps References -- 2 Understanding the Roles of Forests and Tree-based Systems in Food Provision Coordinating lead authors: Ramni Jamnadass and Stepha McMullin Lead authors: Miyuki Iiyama and Ian K. Dawson Contributing authors: Bronwen Powell, Celine Termote, Amy Ickowitz, Katja Kehlenbeck, Barbara Vinceti, Nathalie van Vliet, Gudrun Keding, Barbara Stadlmayr, Patrick Van Damme, Sammy Carsan, Terry Sunderland, Mary Njenga, Amos Gyau, Paolo Cerutti, Jolien Schure, Christophe Kouame, Beatrice Darko Obiri, Daniel Ofori, Bina Agarwal, Henry Neufeldt, Ann Degrande and Anca Serban 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Food Security and Nutrition 2.3 The Direct Roles of Forests and Tree-based Systems 2.3.1 Foods Provided by Forests and Tree-based Systems 2.3.2 Dietary Choices, Access to Resources and Behavioural Change 2.4 The Indirect Roles of Forests and Tree-based Systems 2.4.1 Income and other Livelihood Opportunities 2.4.2 Provision of Ecosystem Services 2.5 Conclusions References -- 3 The Historical, Environmental and Socio-economic Context of Forests and Tree-based Systems for Food Security and Nutrition Coordinating lead author: John A. Parrotta Lead authors: Jennie Dey de Pryck, Beatrice Darko Obiri, Christine Padoch, Bronwen Powell and Chris Sandbrook Contributing authors: Bina Agarwal, Amy Ickowitz, Katy Jeary, Anca Serban, Terry Sunderland and Tran Nam Tu 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Forests and Tree-based Systems: An Overview 3.2.1 Historical Overview and the Role of Traditional Knowledge 3.2.2 Managed Forests, Woodlands and Parklands 3.2.3 Shifting Cultivation Systems 3.2.4 Agroforestry Systems 3.2.5 Single-species Tree Crop Production Systems 3.3 The Influence of Forest Landscape Configuration Management and Use on Food Security and Nutrition 3.3.1 Interactions between Landscape Components 3.3.2 The Influence of Landscape Use and Management of Forests and Tree-Based Systems on Nutrition 3.4 The Socio-economic Organisation of Forests and Tree-based Systems 3.4.1 Introduction 3.4.2 Land, Tree and Related Natural Resource Tenure 3.4.3 Gender, Rights to Land and Trees, and Food Security 3.4.4 Human Capital, Control and Decision-making in Forests and Tree-based Systems 3.4.5 Financial Capital and Credit: Using and Investing in Forests and Trees 3.5 Conclusions References -- 4 Drivers of Forests and Tree-based Systems for Food Security and Nutrition Coordinating lead author: Daniela Kleinschmit Lead authors: Bimbika Sijapati Basnett, Adrian Martin, Nitin D. Rai and Carsten Smith-Hall Contributing authors: Neil M. Dawson, Gordon Hickey, Henry Neufeldt, Hemant R. Ojha and Solomon Zena Walelign 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Environmental Drivers 4.3 Social Drivers 4.4 Economic Drivers 4.5 Governance 4.6 Conclusions References -- 5 Response Options Across the Landscape Coordinating lead author: Terry Sunderland Lead authors: Frédéric Baudron, Amy Ickowitz, Christine Padoch, Mirjam Ros-Tonen, Chris Sandbrook and Bhaskar Vira Contributing authors: Josephine Chambers, Elizabeth Deakin, Samson Foli, Katy Jeary, John A. Parrotta, Bronwen Powell, James Reed, Sarah Ayeri Ogalleh, Henry Neufeldt and Anca Serban 5.1 Introduction 5.2 The Role of Landscape Configurations 5.2.1 Temporal Dynamics within Landscapes 5.2.2 Trade-offs and Choices at the Landscape Scale 5.3 Land Sparing and Land Sharing 5.4 Landscapes and Localised Food Systems 5.5 "Nutrition-sensitive" Landscapes 5.6 Landscape Governance 5.7 Conclusions References -- 6 Public Sector, Private Sector and Socio-cultural Response Options Coordinating lead author: Henry Neufeldt Lead authors: Pablo Pacheco, Hemant R. Ojha, Sarah Ayeri Ogalleh, Jason Donovan and Lisa Fuchs Contributing authors: Daniela Kleinschmit, Patti Kristjanson, Godwin Kowero, Vincent O. Oeba and Bronwen Powell 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Governance Responses to Enhance Linkages between Forests and Tree-based Systems and Food Security and Nutrition 6.2.1 Introduction 6.2.2 Reforms Related to Tenure and Resource Rights 6.2.3 Decentralisation and Community Participation in Forest Management 6.2.4 Regulating Markets 6.2.5 Catalysing Governance Reform 6.3 Private Sector-driven Initiatives for Enhancing Governance in Food Systems 6.3.1 Introduction 6.3.2 The Challenges of Sustainability and Inclusiveness in Food Supply 6.3.3 Global Initiatives to Support Sustainable Finance and Supply 6.3.4 Emerging Corporate Sustainability Initiatives 6.3.5 "Hybrid" Models for Sustainable and Inclusive Supply 6.4 Socio-cultural Response Options 6.4.1 Introduction 6.4.2 Changing Urban Demand 6.4.3 Behaviour Change and Education to Improve Dietary Choices 6.4.4 Reducing Inequalities and Promoting Gender-responsive Interventions and Policies 6.4.5 Social Mobilisation for Food Security 6.5 Conclusions References -- 7 Conclusions Coordinating lead author: Bhaskar Vira Lead authors: Ramni Jamnadass, Daniela Kleinschmit, Stepha McMullin, Stephanie Mansourian, Henry Neufeldt, John A. Parrotta, Terry Sunderland and Christoph Wildburger 7.1 Forests and Trees Matter for Food Security and Nutrition 7.2 Governing Multi-functional Landscapes for Food Security and Nutrition 7.3 The Importance of Secure Tenure and Local Control 7.4 Reimagining Forests and Food Security 7.5 Knowledge Gaps 7.6 Looking Ahead: The Importance of Forest and Tree-based Systems for Food Security and Nutrition -- Appendix 1: Glossary Appendix 2: List of Panel Members, Authors and Reviewers.
Summary "As population estimates for 2050 reach over 9 billion, issues of food security and nutrition have been dominating academic and policy debates. A total of 805 million people are undernourished worldwide and malnutrition affects nearly every country on the planet. Despite impressive productivity increases, there is growing evidence that conventional agricultural strategies fall short of eliminating global hunger, as well as having long-term ecological consequences. Forests can play an important role in complementing agricultural production to address the Sustainable Development Goals on zero hunger. Forests and trees can be managed to provide better and more nutritionally-balanced diets, greater control over food inputs--particularly during lean seasons and periods of vulnerability (especially for marginalised groups)--and deliver ecosystem services for crop production. However forests are undergoing a rapid process of degradation, a complex process that governments are struggling to reverse. This volume provides important evidence and insights about the potential of forests to reducing global hunger and malnutrition, exploring the different roles of landscapes, and the governance approaches that are required for the equitable delivery of these benefits. Forests and Food is essential reading for researchers, students, NGOs and government departments responsible for agriculture, forestry, food security and poverty alleviation around the globe. This book is based on the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO) Global Forest Expert Panel report on Forest and Food Security
Language Text in English.
Local Note eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
JSTOR Books at JSTOR Open Access
Subject Food security.
Food supply -- Environmental aspects.
Food supply -- Political aspects.
Diet -- Environmental aspects.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Added Author Vira, Bhaskar, editor.
Wildburger, Christoph, editor.
Mansourian, Stephanie, editor.
Other Form: 9781783741946 (hbk.)
9781783741939 (pbk.)
ISBN 9781783741953 (pdf)
9781783741960 (epub)
9781783741977 (mobi)
1783741937 (Trade Paper)
9781783741946 (hbk.)
Standard No. 9781783741939