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Author Westwood, Peter S.

Title Numeracy and learning difficulties : approaches to teaching and assessment / Peter Westwood.

Imprint Camberwell, Vic. : Australian Council for Educational Research Press, 2000.

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (127 pages) : illustrations
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 111-122) and index.
Summary Numeracy and Learning Difficulties is a comprehensive guide that examines the different ways students acquire mathematical skills, and helps teachers develop flexible teaching methods to suit these varied ways of learning.
Contents Cultural and familial influences2 More on children's learning; The role of language; The value of discussion; Writing in mathematics; Moving from concrete to abstract; Piaget's perspectives on children's learning; The perspectives of Bruner; Vygotsky and the 'zone of proximal development'; Skemp: levels of understanding; The cumulative nature of effective learning; Developing the beginnings of number sense; Early development of other mathematical schemata; 3 Improving numeracy: general teaching principles and practices; Effective teaching; Teaching for higher achievement.
Research evidence on effective instructionThe vital importance of clarity in instruction; The role of questioning in effective learning; The place of group work in numeracy learning; The use of peer tutoring; Adapting instruction to individual differences; A final word on the use of structural apparatus; 4 Teaching basic number skills; The importance of counting; The beginnings of addition; Developing automaticity with number facts; Assisting recall; Beginning computation; Moving on; Interpreting number relationships; Number line; From 'number sentences' to algorithms.
Understanding the processesPlace value; Exploring larger numbers; Self-direction when solving algorithms; Multiplication and division: general points; Specific points on multiplication; Specific points on division; Using a calculator; Number skills must be functional; 5 Teaching problem-solving skills and strategies; What are 'problems'?; How do we solve problems?; Teaching problem-solving approaches; Collaborative group work; Problem-solving and learning difficulties; Specific strategies; Using variety in problem types; Acronyms and mnemonics.
Specific needs of students with learning difficulties6 Assessment; Purposes of assessment; Approaches to assessment; Observing students at work; Individual assessment and interviews; Assessing problem-solving skills; Work samples; Error analysis; Checklist of core knowledge and skills; The use of 'benchmarks' in numeracy assessment; Using the mathematics curriculum profiles; Teacher-made tests; Diagnostic tests; 7 Recommended resources; Texts; Assessment and teaching resources; Useful journals; Appendix 1; Students with learning difficulties: selecting priority curriculum content; Appendix 2.
Local Note eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
Subject Numeracy -- Study and teaching (Primary)
Number concept in children.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Added Author Australian Council for Educational Research.
In: Humanities & Social Sciences Collection. Melbourne, Vic: RMIT Publishing
Other Form: Print version: Westwood, Peter S. Numeracy and learning difficulties. Camberwell, Vic. : Australian Council for Educational Research Press, 2000 0864313411 9780864313416 (OCoLC)45151695
ISBN 9781429486194 (electronic bk.)
1429486198 (electronic bk.)
9780864313416 (electronic bk.)
0864313411 (electronic bk.)