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Author Roymans, Nico.

Title Ethnic identity and imperial power : the Batavians in the early Roman empire / Nico Roymans.

Imprint Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, ©2004.

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (xii, 277 pages) : illustrations.
Physical Medium polychrome.
Description data file
Series Amsterdam archaeological studies ; 10
Amsterdam archaeological studies ; 10.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references and index.
Contents 1. Research aims, central concepts and perspectives. The study of ethnicity and ethnogenesis -- Roman imperial power and the ethnic dynamics in the Lower Rhine frontier -- Ethnicity, texts and material culture. Methodological considerations -- Structure of the text -- 2. Social change in the Late Iron Age Lower Rhine region. The adoption of coinage -- The emergence of regional sanctuaries -- The development of a major nucleated settlement at Kessel/Lith -- The mass circulation of glass bracelets -- Discussion. A new kind of society in the Lower Rhine region? -- 3. Caesar's conquest and the ethnic reshuffling of the Lower Rhine frontier zone. Major changes in the tribal map after the Roman conquest -- Archaeological discussion on continuity and discontinuity of habitation in the Rhine delta in the later 1st century BC -- The Lower Rhine population and their presumed Germanic ethnicity -- 4. The gold triskeles coinages of the Eburones. Late Iron Age coin circulation in the Lower Rhine region -- The triskeles Scheers 31 type coins: typology, metrology, and distribution -- Chronology and the problem of historical interpretation -- Ascription to the Eburones and the link to Caesar's conquest -- Patterns of deposition and loss: the archaeological contexts -- Appendix 4.1. List of 'imported' gold staters found in the Lower Rhine region -- Appendix: Descriptive list of the Scheers 31 triskeles coins -- 5. Roman frontier politics and the formation of a Batavian polity. The roots of the alliance between the Romans and Batavians -- On the role of a king -- From kingship to magistrature -- 6. The Lower Rhine triquetrum coinages and the formation of a Batavian polity. Distribution, classification and chronology of the Lower Rhine triquetrum coinages -- Batavian emissions? -- Production, circulation and deposition of triquetrum coinages in the Batavian river area. Some Hypotheses -- Appendix: List of sites where triquetrum coins have been found -- 7. Kessel/Lith. A Late Iron Age central place in the Rhine/Meuse delta. Dredged from sand and gravel. History of the finds, the find circumstances, and representativity -- Description of the find complex -- The Meuse/Waal river junction at Kessel /Lith in the Late Iron Age and Early Roman period -- Settlement, cult place or battlefield? Interpretation of the find complex at Kessel/Lith -- A monumental Roman temple at Kessel -- Grinnes and Vada -- The Kessel/Lith settlement from a Northwest-European perspective -- Kessel/Lith as a centre of power and a key place in the construction of a Batavian identity group -- Appendix: Descriptive catalogue of the metal finds dredged at Kessel/Lith -- 8. The political and institutional structure of the pre-Flavian civitas Batavorum. Roman imperialism and the control of tribal groups in the Germanic frontier -- The municipalisation of the civitas Batavorum -- Nijmegen as a central place -- The pre-Flavian civitas Batavorum and its relation to coastal tribes in the Rhine/Meuse delta -- Civitas organisation and Batavian identity -- 9. Foederis Romani monumenta. Public memorials of the alliance with Rome. The marble head of Julius Caesar from Nijmegen -- The Tiberius column from Nijmegen -- A fragment of an imperial tabula patronatus from Escharen -- Discussion -- 10. Image and self-image of the Batavians. The Roman army and the cultivation of a Batavian identity -- Dominant Roman images of the Batavians -- Dominant elements in the self-image of Batavians -- 11. Hercules and the construction of a Batavian identity in the context of the Roman empire. Introduction. Myth, history and the construction of collective identities -- Evidence for Trojan foundation myths in Gaul and Britain -- Hercules as the first civiliser of the Germanic frontier -- The cult of Hercules among the Batavians -- The appeal of the Roman Hercules and the construction of a Batavian identity -- The Hercules sanctuaries and their significance for the construction of a Batavian identity<-- On the Hercules cult in the other civitates of Lower Germany -- Discussion -- 12. Conclusion and epilogue. The ethnogenesis of the Batavians. A summary -- From a Batavian people to a Roman civitas? -- The case of the Batavians and ethnogenetic theory.
Summary This probing case study examines the evolution of the ethnic identity of the Batavians, a lower Rhineland tribe in the western marches of the Roman Empire. Drawing on extensive historical and archaeological data, Nico Roymans examines how between 50 BCE and 70 CE, the Romans cultivated the Batavians as an ethnic other by intensively recruiting them to the Roman army while simultaneously carrying out extermination campaigns against other tribes in the region. Roymans also considers how the status of the Batavian settlement reveals intriguing insights into Roman definitions of 'civilization' and 'barbarism.' Ethnic Identity and Imperial Power is a fascinating anthropological study on how ancient frontier peoples negotiated their self-image.
Access Use copy Restrictions unspecified MiAaHDL
Reproduction Electronic reproduction. [Place of publication not identified] : HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010. MiAaHDL
System Details Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002. MiAaHDL
Processing Action digitized 2010 HathiTrust Digital Library committed to preserve MiAaHDL
Language English.
Access This work is licensed under the following Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0).
Local Note JSTOR Books at JSTOR Open Access
eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
Subject Batavi (Germanic people) -- Ethnic identity.
Excavations (Archaeology) -- Netherlands.
Romans -- Netherlands.
Netherlands -- History -- To 1384.
Rome -- History -- Empire, 30 B.C.-476 A.D.
Netherlands -- Antiquities.
Chronological Term To 1384
Indexed Term Multi-User.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Electronic books.
Other Form: Print version: Roymans, Nico. Ethnic identity and imperial power. Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, ©2004 9053567054 (OCoLC)56652609
ISBN 1417583401 (electronic bk.)
9781417583409 (electronic bk.)
9789048505357 (electronic bk.)
9048505356 (electronic bk.)
9781280959066 (online)
Standard No. 340232