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Author Woolley, William J., author.

Title Creating the Modern Army Citizen-Soldiers and the American Way of War, 1919-1939 / William J. Woolley.

Publication Info. University Press of Kansas, [2022] Lawrence, Kansas :
Baltimore, Md. : Project MUSE, 0000

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (pages cm).
Series Studies in civil-military relations series
Book collections on Project MUSE.
Contents The quest for a national military policy, 1878-1920 -- Creating the citizen Army, 1919-1925 -- Disappointment and disillusionment : the Army and the nation, 1920-1925 -- The heart of the policy creating the new citizen Army -- The Army in the era of stability, 1926-1929 : creating the branches -- Stabilizing the relationship : the Army and the nation in the era of stability -- The civilian components in the era of stability -- Creating orthodoxy and predictability : professional military education in the Army, 1919-1939 -- Building a throne for the queen : infantry branch organization and branch culture in the 1920s -- Branch stagnation : American field artillery in the interwar period -- End of the big guns : mission and branch identity crisis in the coastal artillery, 1919-1939 -- Mechanizing the Army, 1930-1939 -- The Army besieged : the Army and the nation in the decade of the Depression, 1930-1939 -- Stability amidst crisis : the civilian components in the 1930s -- Modern weapons and traditional tactics, the infantry and tanks, 1920-1939 -- Mounts or motors? The cavalry and the response to mechanization, 1920-1939.
Summary "The modern US Army as we know it was largely created in the years between the two world wars. After World War I, officers in leadership positions were increasingly convinced that building a new army could not take place as a series of random developments, but was an enterprise that had to be guided by a distinct military policy that enjoyed the support of the nation. William J. Woolley argues that the key to the modernization of the army in this period was the National Defense Act of 1920, which provided a blueprint for desired change and demonstrates that the transformation of the army was due to four elements: the creation of the civilian components of the new army (the Citizen's Military Training Camps (CMTC), the Officer Reserve Corps (ORC), the National Guard, and the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC)); the development of the branches as the structural basis for organizing the army as well as creating the means to educate new officers and soldiers about their craft and to socialize them into an army culture; the creation of a rationalized and progressive system of professional military education; and the initial mechanization of the combat branches"-- Provided by publisher.
Local Note JSTOR Books at JSTOR Open Access
Subject United States. National Defense Act of 1920.
United States. Army -- Organization.
United States. Army -- History -- 20th century.
États-Unis. Army -- Histoire -- 20e siècle.
United States. Army.
Civil-military relations -- United States -- History -- 20th century.
Civil-military relations.
Armed Forces -- Organization.
United States.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Added Author Project Muse. distributor.
ISBN 9780700633036 (electronic bk.)
0700633030 (electronic bk.)
9780700633029 (electronic bk.)
0700633022 (electronic bk.)