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Title OECD science, technology and innovation outlook 2018 : adapting to technological and societal disruption.

Publication Info. Paris [France] : OECD Publishing, 2018.
Boston, Massachusetts : Credo Reference, 2021.

Item Status

Edition [Enhanced Credo edition]
Description 1 online resource (22 entries) : 50 images ; digital files.
Contents Intro -- Preface -- Foreword -- Acknowledgements -- Abbreviations and acronyms -- Executive summary -- Digitalisation is changing innovation and science practices -- STI policy and governance are becoming more mission-oriented -- Infographic: Adapting to technological and societal disruption -- Chapter 1. An introduction to the STI Outlook 2018 -- Introduction -- What are the economic, societal and technological drivers of STI policy changes? -- Combining policy action to address rising economic and societal challenges -- New emerging technologies hold great potential --
How are technological and societal change transforming innovation processes? -- Digitalisation is creating new opportunities for innovation and knowledge exchange -- New policy and business practices for inclusive innovation are emerging -- Government support for business R&D is shifting -- How is science evolving to become more open, automated and gender-friendly? -- Enhanced access to research data has many benefits -- Automation could transform scientific practice -- Removing gender barriers in science requires more joined-up policy --
How is STI policy responding to societal and technological disruptions? -- Societal challenges: From shaping the STI agenda to influencing specific policy actions -- Toward a new type of strategic steering to cope with economic and societal challenges -- Supporting the development and uptake of emerging technologies requires a mix of old and new types of policy interventions -- Reaping the benefits of emerging technologies to ensure economic and social progress requires substantial and effective investment in research and innovation -- How is STI governance adapting to a fast-changing context?
New modes of STI governance are emerging -- Towards the next generation of STI data and indicators -- The impact of digitalisation on the evidence base for STI policy and governance -- Conclusion -- Note -- References -- Chapter 2. Artificial intelligence and the technologies of the Next Production Revolution -- Introduction -- Production technologies: Recent developments and policy implications -- AI in production -- Over time, a major effect of AI on production could be the creation of new industries -- AI: specific policies -- Training data are critical --
Governments can take steps to help develop and share training data -- Government agencies can also co-ordinate and steward DSAs for AI purposes -- Governments can promote open-data initiatives and ensure that public data are disclosed in machine-readable formats for AI purposes -- Technology itself may offer novel solutions to use data better for AI purposes -- Governments can also help resolve hardware constraints for AI applications -- Care is needed to avoid regulating AI in ways that unnecessarily dampen innovation -- Blockchain in production -- Blockchain: Possible policies -- 3D printing.
Access Access restricted to authorized users and institutions.
Summary The OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018 is the twelfth edition in a series that biennially reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy in OECD countries and a number of major partner economies.
System Details Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Local Note Credo Reference General Reference
Subject Science, technology and innovation outlook 2016.
Technology indicators -- OECD countries.
Science indicators -- OECD countries.
Technology and state -- OECD countries.
Science and state -- OECD countries.
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Added Author Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, issuing body.
Credo Reference (Firm), distributor.
Other Form: Print version: 9264307567 9789264307568 316 pages : illustrations
ISBN 9781787856462 electronic version
9789264307568 print
9264307567 print
9789264307575 pdf
9264307575 pdf