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100 1  Khalaf, Samir. 
245 10 Civil and uncivil violence in Lebanon :|ba history of the 
       internationalization of communal contact /|cSamir Khalaf. 
260    New York :|bColumbia University Press,|c2002. 
300    1 online resource (xxiv, 368 pages). 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
490 1  The history and society of the modern Middle East 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 335-351) and 
       index. 
505 0  On proxy wars and surrogate victims -- The radicalization 
       of communal loyalties -- The drift into incivility -- 
       Peasants, commoners and clerics: resistance and rebellion:
       1820-1860 -- Revolt and counter-revolt: civil strife of 
       1958 -- Lebanon's golden/gilded age: 1943-1975 -- From 
       playground to battleground: preludes to civil strife -- 
       The scares and scars of war -- From Shakib Effendi to 
       Ta'if -- Prospects for civility. 
520 8  In this long-awaited work, Samir Khalaf analyzes the 
       history of civil strife and political violence in Lebanon 
       and reveals the inherent contradictions that have plagued 
       that country and made it so vulnerable to both inter-Arab 
       and superpower rivalries. How did a fairly peaceful and 
       resourceful society, with an impressive history of viable 
       pluralism, coexistence, and republicanism, become the site
       of so much barbarism and incivility? Khalaf argues that 
       historically internal grievances have been magnified or 
       deflected to become the source of international conflict. 
       From the beginning, he shows, foreign interventions have 
       consistently exacerbated internal problems. Lebanons 
       fragmented political culture is a byproduct of two general
       features. First, it reflects the traditional forces and 
       political conflicts caused by striking differences in 
       religious beliefs and communal and sectarian loyalties 
       that continue to split the society and reinforce its 
       factional character. Second, and superimposed on these, 
       are new forms of socioeconomic and cultural stress caused 
       by Lebanons role in the continuing international conflicts
       in the region. Khalaf concludes that Lebanon is now at a 
       crossroads in its process of political and social 
       transformation, and proposes some strategies to re-create 
       a vibrant civil and political culture that can accommodate
       profound transformations in the internal, domestic sphere 
       as well as mediate developments taking place internation. 
588 0  Print version record. 
590    eBooks on EBSCOhost|bEBSCO eBook Subscription Academic 
       Collection - North America 
648  7 1900 - 1999|2fast 
650  0 Violence|zLebanon|xHistory|y20th century. 
651  0 Lebanon|xHistory|y20th century. 
655  4 Electronic books. 
655  7 History.|2fast|0(OCoLC)fst01411628 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aKhalaf, Samir.|tCivil and uncivil 
       violence in Lebanon.|dNew York : Columbia University Press,
       2002|z0231124767|w(DLC)  2001058253|w(OCoLC)48515716 
830  0 History and society of the modern Middle East series. 
856 40 |uhttps://rider.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://
       search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&
       db=nlebk&AN=75530|zOnline eBook. Access restricted to 
       current Rider University students, faculty, and staff. 
856 42 |3Instructions for reading/downloading this eBook|uhttp://
       guides.rider.edu/ebooks/ebsco 
948    |d20160615|cMH|tebscoebooksacademic|lridw 
994    92|bRID