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Author Khalaf, Samir.

Title Civil and uncivil violence in Lebanon : a history of the internationalization of communal contact / Samir Khalaf.

Imprint New York : Columbia University Press, 2002.

Item Status

Description 1 online resource (xxiv, 368 pages).
Series The history and society of the modern Middle East
History and society of the modern Middle East series.
Bibliography Includes bibliographical references (pages 335-351) and index.
Contents On proxy wars and surrogate victims -- The radicalization of communal loyalties -- The drift into incivility -- Peasants, commoners and clerics: resistance and rebellion: 1820-1860 -- Revolt and counter-revolt: civil strife of 1958 -- Lebanon's golden/gilded age: 1943-1975 -- From playground to battleground: preludes to civil strife -- The scares and scars of war -- From Shakib Effendi to Ta'if -- Prospects for civility.
Summary In this long-awaited work, Samir Khalaf analyzes the history of civil strife and political violence in Lebanon and reveals the inherent contradictions that have plagued that country and made it so vulnerable to both inter-Arab and superpower rivalries. How did a fairly peaceful and resourceful society, with an impressive history of viable pluralism, coexistence, and republicanism, become the site of so much barbarism and incivility? Khalaf argues that historically internal grievances have been magnified or deflected to become the source of international conflict. From the beginning, he shows, foreign interventions have consistently exacerbated internal problems. Lebanons fragmented political culture is a byproduct of two general features. First, it reflects the traditional forces and political conflicts caused by striking differences in religious beliefs and communal and sectarian loyalties that continue to split the society and reinforce its factional character. Second, and superimposed on these, are new forms of socioeconomic and cultural stress caused by Lebanons role in the continuing international conflicts in the region. Khalaf concludes that Lebanon is now at a crossroads in its process of political and social transformation, and proposes some strategies to re-create a vibrant civil and political culture that can accommodate profound transformations in the internal, domestic sphere as well as mediate developments taking place internation.
Local Note eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Subscription Academic Collection - North America
Subject Lebanon -- History -- 20th century.
Violence -- Lebanon -- History -- 20th century.
Chronological Term 1900 - 1999
Genre/Form Electronic books.
Other Form: Print version: Khalaf, Samir. Civil and uncivil violence in Lebanon. New York : Columbia University Press, 2002 0231124767 (DLC) 2001058253 (OCoLC)48515716
ISBN 0231505361 (electronic bk.)
9780231505369 (electronic bk.)