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LEADER 00000cam a2200913Ma 4500 
001    ocn191953387 
003    OCoLC 
005    20160527040542.6 
006    m     o  d         
007    cr cn||||||||| 
008    041220s2005    mauab   obi   001 0 eng d 
019    171561955|a235956112|a269012245|a474168066|a607647249
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050  4 DS89.B4|bZ33 2005eb 
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100 1  Zachs, Fruma.|0https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/
       n2004154291 
245 14 The making of a Syrian identity :|bintellectuals and 
       merchants in nineteenth century Beirut /|cFruma Zachs. 
264  1 Leiden ;|aBoston, MA :|bBrill,|c2005. 
300    1 online resource (xiv, 277 pages) :|billustrations, map. 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
340    |gpolychrome|2rdacc 
347    text file|2rdaft 
490 1  Social, economic, and political studies of the Middle East
       and Asia,|x1385-3376 ;|vv. 98 
504    Includes bibliographical references (pages 253-264) and 
       index. 
505 0  Cover -- Contents -- List of Illustrations -- Preface -- 
       Note on Transliteration -- List of Abbreviations -- 
       Introduction -- Chapter One. First Notions of a "Syrian 
       Vision": The Period of Amir Bashir II -- First Phase: The 
       Rise of the Mountain Middle Stratum -- The Literary Circle
       -- Chapter Two. Beirut and the Emergence of a "Syrian 
       Identity": Christian Arabs as Agents of Change -- Beirut 
       as an Economic and Cultural Centre of Syria -- Immigration
       to Beirut -- "Push" Factors -- "Pull" Factors -- Second 
       Phase-The Emergence of the Beiruti Middle Stratum and its 
       Characteristics -- World View of the Beiruti Middle 
       Stratum: The Concept of Tamaddun -- The Beiruti Middle 
       Stratum and the Syrian Identity -- Chapter Three. Re-
       enforcing an Identity: The Tan*imat Reforms -- A Turning 
       Point-Hatt-i Hümayun -- The Osmanlilik Principle -- 
       Ottoman Policy toward Syria 1860-1880: The Establishment 
       of the Vilâyet of Syria -- The Vilâyet of Syria and Local 
       Patriotism: Big Watan, Small Watan -- Muhammad Rashid 
       Pasha (1866-1871) -- Tanzimat Regressions -- Muslim-
       Christian Interrelationships: The Beiruti Secret Society-
       Arab Nationalism or Syrian Localism? -- Chapter Four. 
       Revisiting the American Presbyterian Missionaries in 
       Nineteenth Century Syria -- Imagining "Syria" -- Al-
       Jam'iyya al-Suriyya li-Iktisab al-'Ulum wal-Funun (1847-
       1852) -- Khutba fi Adab al-'Arab: A Case Study -- The 
       Nahda and the American Missionaries -- From Evangelical 
       Activities to Secular Enterprise: The Syrian Protestant 
       College -- Chapter Five. Narrating an Identity: New Genres,
       New Identity (1858-1881) -- Characteristics and Goals of 
       the Syrian Press -- Components of Identity in the Beiruti 
       Press: How to Create Syrian Wataniyya -- Tolerance, 
       Brotherhood, and an Appeal to Abandon Sectarian Strife -- 
       Hubb al-Watan min al-Iman (Love of the Homeland is [an 
       Article] of Faith) -- Creation of a Common Identity -- Pre
       -Islamic Heritage: Arabic Language and Culture -- An 
       Application of Identity -- Traditional Versus Modern: The 
       Rise of Syrian Historiography -- "Historical Novels" as 
       Building Identity: The Role of Heritage, Myth and Women in
       the Watan -- Epilogue -- Appendix I: Biographies of 
       Leading Families and Individuals from the Syrian Middle 
       Stratum -- Appendix II: The Various Meanings and 
       Definitions of the Name "Syria" -- Bibliography -- Index -
       - Last Page. 
506    |3Use copy|fRestrictions unspecified|2star|5MiAaHDL 
520    The book takes a close look at the origins and development
       of the Syrian identity, during the 18th and 19th centuries,
       through the role of Christian Arab intellectuals and 
       merchants, Ottomans and American missionaries. It examines
       its background, stages of evolution, and components. 
533    Electronic reproduction.|b[S.l.] :|cHathiTrust Digital 
       Library,|d2010.|5MiAaHDL 
538    Master and use copy. Digital master created according to 
       Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs
       and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, 
       December 2002.|uhttp://purl.oclc.org/DLF/benchrepro0212
       |5MiAaHDL 
583 1  digitized|c2010|hHathiTrust Digital Library|lcommitted to 
       preserve|2pda|5MiAaHDL 
588 0  Print version record. 
590    eBooks on EBSCOhost|bEBSCO eBook Subscription Academic 
       Collection - North America 
648  7 1800 - 1899|2fast 
648  7 Geschichte 1800-1900|2swd 
650  0 Syrians|0https://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/
       sh85131719|zLebanon|zBeirut.|0https://id.loc.gov/
       authorities/names/n83068103-781 
650  0 National characteristics, Syrian.|0https://id.loc.gov/
       authorities/subjects/sh2004005549 
650 04 Identiteit. 
650 04 Intellectuelen. 
650 04 Syriërs. 
650  7 Syrians.|2fast|0https://id.worldcat.org/fast/1141359 
650  7 National characteristics, Syrian.|2fast|0https://
       id.worldcat.org/fast/1033534 
651  0 Beirut (Lebanon)|0https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/
       n83068103|xIntellectual life|y19th century.|0https://
       id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh00006345 
651  0 Beirut (Lebanon)|xHistory|0https://id.loc.gov/authorities/
       subjects/sh2008114386|y19th century.|0https://id.loc.gov/
       authorities/subjects/sh2002012475 
651  7 Lebanon|zBeirut.|2fast|0https://id.worldcat.org/fast/
       1225260 
655  4 Electronic books. 
655  7 History.|2fast|0https://id.worldcat.org/fast/1411628 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aZachs, Fruma.|tMaking of a Syrian 
       identity.|dLeiden ; Boston, MA : Brill, 2005|w(DLC)  
       2004066041 
830  0 Social, economic, and political studies of the Middle East
       and Asia ;|0https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n96028162
       |vv. 98.|x1385-3376 
856 40 |uhttps://rider.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://
       search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&
       db=nlebk&AN=173977|zOnline eBook. Access restricted to 
       current Rider University students, faculty, and staff. 
856 42 |3Instructions for reading/downloading this eBook|uhttp://
       guides.rider.edu/ebooks/ebsco 
901    MARCIVE 20231220 
948    |d201606016|cEBSCO|tebscoebooksacademic|lridw 
994    92|bRID